Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Each year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, as well as over a million people die, many of them young children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease is located depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The main areas where malaria disease is located are; Africa, Madagascar, India and South America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where the host mosquito, from the genus Anopheles, has the capacity to survive and multiply. You can find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 of which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in areas where the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle within the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four types of malaria parasite that will infect humans they may be; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. Time necessary for progression of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species as well as the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists from the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that could end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that will kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter into contact with insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that utilizing the same technology some day can fight various other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By utilizing fungus together with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they can prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology can be utilized once to combat other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.